LISINOPRIL 2.5MG DESCRIPTION
LISINOPRIL belongs to the group of blood pressure-lowering medications called ‘Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors‘ primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and reduce the risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or heart failure. High blood pressure is a chronic condition in which the pressure in the blood vessels is high. The blood exerts a high pressure on blood vessel’s walls (arteries), leading to hypertension. Heart failure can occur when your heart cannot pump blood sufficiently required to the body’s remaining. Heart attack or stroke is the blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle. The blockade usually occurs due to fat/cholesterol build-up in the coronary artery (supplies blood to the heart).
LISINOPRIL contains lisinopril, which works by lowering the body’s production of substances that could increase blood pressure. LISINOPRIL relaxes and widens the blood vessels making it easier for the heart to pump blood to all parts of the body, thereby lowering the raised blood pressure and reducing the risk of having heart failure, heart attack or stroke.
Take LISINOPRIL with or without food. Do not chew, crush, or break the tablet, swallow it as a whole with a glass of water. Take LISINOPRIL at the same time every day. You may experience certain common side-effects like headache, dizziness, fatigue, and cough in some cases. Most of these side-effects do not require medical attention and will resolve gradually over time. Talk to your doctor if you experience these side-effects persistently.
To treat your condition effectually, continue taking LISINOPRIL for as long as your doctor has prescribed it. Try not to stop taking it on your own as it may cause a sudden increase the blood pressure, chest pain or heart attack. Regular monitoring of blood pressure, electrolyte levels and kidney functioning is advised while taking LISINOPRIL. It would help if you consumed low table salt (sodium chloride) and a low-fat diet while taking LISINOPRIL. Avoid taking LISINOPRIL if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Talk to your doctor, he/she may prescribe you with alternate medicine. LISINOPRIL is not recommended for children below 18 years of age as the efficacy and safety have not been established.
USES OF LISINOPRIL
- Hypertension (high blood pressure),
- Prevention of heart attack, stroke and heart failure
LISINOPRIL relaxes and widens the blood vessels making it easier for the heart to pump blood to all parts of the body. This helps in lowering the blood pressure and the risk of having a heart attack or stroke. LISINOPRIL helps in reducing both standing and lying down blood pressure without any orthostatic effect (sudden decrease in blood pressure which might occur when a person stands up suddenly). However, when dehydrated, LISINOPRIL may show an orthostatic effect. Continued usage of LISINOPRIL reduces the severity of heart failure, hospitalization rate and symptoms such as weakness and shortness of breath. LISINOPRIL is used alone or in combination with other medicines to treat high blood pressure.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
- Store in a cool and dry place away from sunlight
SIDE EFFECTS OF LISINOPRIL
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus)
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach pain
- Skin rash
- Chest pain
- Muscle pain
- Hyperkalemia (increased levels of potassium in the blood)
- A dry cough that does not go away
- Kidney problems (shown in a blood test).
In-Depth Precautions and Warning
Do not take LISINOPRIL if you are allergic to LISINOPRIL or any of its contents. Talk to your doctor if you have heart, kidney or liver problems. LISINOPRIL may sometimes cause a decrease in blood pressure than normal, especially in dehydrated people, are taking diuretics (medicines to treat edema) and low levels of sodium. Regularly check your blood pressure levels to avoid any risk. Avoid taking LISINOPRIL if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Talk to your doctor, he/she may prescribe you with alternate medicine. LISINOPRIL is not recommended for children below 18 years of age as the efficacy and safety have not been established. Inform your doctor about all the medicines you are taking and your health condition to rule out any unpleasant side-effects. Consult your doctor if you have lost a lot of body fluids through vomiting, diarrhea, or sweating more than normal or if you are taking low water tablets to treat edema (diuretics), or if you undergo dialysis. Stop taking LISINOPRIL one day before receiving an anesthetic to undergo any surgery or dental procedure. Inform your doctor that you are taking LISINOPRIL. Regular monitoring of blood pressure, electrolyte levels and kidney functioning is advised while taking LISINOPRIL.
Famous Brand of Lisinopril :
DRUG-DRUG INTERACTION : LISINOPRIL may have interaction with heart failure medicines (sacubitril, valsartan), NSAIDs (aspirin, naproxen, indomethacin, ibuprofen), medicines used to treat erectile dysfunction (sildenafil), anti-gout medicines (allopurinol), anti-diabetic medicines (sitagliptin, metformin, insulin glargine), medicines used to treat edema (furosemide), anti-hypertensive medication (aliskiren), medicines to treat depression (lithium), potassium supplements.
DRUG-FOOD INTERACTION: Maintain low salt and low-fat diet while taking LISINOPRIL. Avoid consuming food rich in potassium such as potassium-containing salt substitutes or over-the-counter potassium supplements. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption.
DRUG-DISEASE INTERACTION : LISINOPRIL Zestril may have interactions with angioedema (swelling), congestive heart failure (heart problems), anti hemodialysis, low blood pressure, hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium in the body), liver diseases and kidney dysfunction.